Lake Lillian, Minnesota

A Friendly Town





General Provisions

51.001 Definitions

51.002 Control of sewers; administration of chapter

51.003 Building sewers; general requirements

51.004 Tampering with wastewater facilities

51.005 Cost of repairing or restoring sewers

General Regulations

51.015 Deposits of unsanitary manner prohibited

51.016 Discharge of wastewater or other polluted waters

51.017 Restrictions on wastewater disposal facilities

51.018 Installation of service connection to public sewer

51.019 Failure to connect to a public sewer

Private Wastewater Disposal

51.035 Public sewer not available

51.036 Permits

51.037 Type, capacities, location and layout

51.038 Direct connection required

51.039 Operation and maintenance by owner

51.040 Application of subchapter

Building Sewers and Connections

51.055 Restrictions on new connections

51.056 Building sewer permits

51.057 Costs and expenses

51.058 Separate building sewers required

51.059 Old building sewers; restrictions on use

51.060 Conformance to State Building and Plumbing Code requirements

51.061 Elevation below basement floor

51.062 Surface runoff or groundwater connections prohibited

51.063 Excavations

51.064 Licenses


Use of Public Services

51.080 Discharges of unpolluted water

51.081 Discharges of waters or wastes

51.082 Limited discharges

51.083 Discharges hazardous to life or constitute public nuisances

51.084 Increasing use of process water

51.085 Pretreatment or flow-equalizing facilities

51.086 Grease, oil and sand interceptors

51.087 Industrial wastes; installations

51.088 Industrial wastes; requirements

51.089 Measurements, tests and analyses of waters and wastes

51.090 Protection from accidental discharge of prohibited materials

51.091 Permitting substance or matter to flow or pass into public sewers

51.092 Repairing service connection

51.093 Catch basin or waste traps required for motor vehicle washing or servicing


51.094 Special agreement and arrangement

User Rate Schedule for Charges

51.110 Charges generally

51.111 Purpose

51.112 Definitions

51.113 Establishment of a sewer service charge system

51.114 Determination of sewer service charges

51.115 Sewer service fund

51.116 Administration

Powers and Authority of Inspectors

51.130 Authorized employees permitted to enter all properties

51.131 Authorized employees obtaining information for industrial processes

51.132 Authorized employees to observe safety rules

51. 133 Authorized employees permitted to enter all property with easements

51.999 Penalty


Health and Safety; Nuisances, see Chapter 92


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For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly

indicates or requires a different meaning.

ACT. The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, also referred to as the Clean Water Act, being

33 USC 1251 et seq., as amended.

AS TM. American Society for Testing Materials.

AUTHORITY. This city or its representative thereof.

BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (BOD). The quantity of oxygen utilized in the

biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 200

C, expressed in terms of milligrams per liter (mg/l).

BUILDING DRAIN. The part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which

receives the discharge from waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and

conveys it to the building sewer, beginning three feet outside the building wall.

BUILDING SEWER. The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place

of disposal, also referred to as a house connection or service connection.

CITY. The area within the corporate boundaries of the city as presently established or as

amended by ordinance or other legal actions at a future time. The term CITY when used herein

may also be used to refer to the City Council and its authorized representative.

CONTROL MANHOLE. A structure specially constructed for the purpose of measuring flow

and sampling of wastes.

EASEMENT. An acquired legal right for the specific use of land owned by others.

GARBAGE. Animal and vegetable waste resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking and

serving of food.

INDUSTRIAL WASTE. Gaseous, liquid and solid wastes resulting from industrial or

manufacturing processes, trade or business, or from the development, recovery and processing of

natural resources, as distinct from residential or domestic strength wastes.

INDUSTRY. Any nongovernmental or nonresidential user of a publicly owned treatment

works which is identified in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, latest edition, which

is categorized in Divisions A, B, D, E and I.



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INFILTRATION. Water entering the sewage system (including building drains and pipes)

from the ground through means as defective pipes, pipe joints, connections and manhole walls.

INFILTRATION/INFLOW (I/I). The total quantity of water from both infiltration and inflow.

INFLOW. Water other than wastewater that enters a sewer system (including building drains)

from sources such as, but not limited to, roof leaders, cellar drains, yard and area drains,

foundation drains, drains from springs and swampy areas, manhole covers, cross-connections from

storm sewers, catch basins, surface runoff, street wash waters or drainage.

INTERFERENCE. The inhibition or disruption of the city*s wastewater disposal system

processes or operations which causes or significantly contributes to a violation of any requirement

of the city*s NPDES or SDS permit. The term includes sewage sludge use or disposal by the city

in accordance with published regulations providing guidelines under Section 405 of the Act (33

USC 1345) or any regulations developed pursuant to the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 USC 6901

et seq.), the Clean Air Act (42 USC 7401 et seq.), the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 USC

2601 et seq.), or more stringent state criteria applicable to the method of disposal or use employed

by the city.

MAY. The term is permissive.

MPCA. The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency.


establishing pretreatment standards for introduction of pollutants in publicly-owned wastewater

treatment facilities which are determined to be not susceptible to treatment by those treatment

facilities or would interfere with the operation of those treatment facilities, pursuant to Section

307(b) of the Act (33 USC 1317(b)).


permit issued by the MPCA, setting limits on pollutants that a permittee may legally discharge into

navigable waters of the United States pursuant to Sections 402 and 405 of the Act (33 USC 1342

and 33 USC 1345).

NATURAL OUTLET. Any outlet, including storm sewers and combined sewers, which

overflow into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface water or ground water.

NON-CONTACT COOLING WATER. The water discharged from any use such as air

conditioning, cooling or refrigeration, or during which the only pollutant added is heat.

NORMAL DOMESTIC STRENGTH WASTE. Wastewater that is primarily introduced by

residential users with a BOD5 concentration not greater than 287 mg/l and a suspended solids

(TSS) concentration not greater than 287 mg/l.


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PERSON. Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.

pH. The logarithm of the reciprocal of the concentration of hydrogen ions in terms of grams

per liter of solution.

PRETREATMENT. The treatment of wastewater from industrial sources prior to the

introduction of the waste effluent into a publicly-owned treatment works.

PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE. The wastes from the preparation, cooking and

dispensing of food that have been shredded to a degree that all particles will be carried freely

under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers with no particle greater

than ½-inch (1.27 cm) in any dimension.

SEWAGE. The spent water of a community. The preferred term is wastewater.

SEWER. A pipe or conduit that carries wastewater or drainage water.

(1) COLLECTION SEWER. A sewer whose primary purpose is to collect wastewaters

from individual point source discharges and connections.

(2) INTERCEPTOR SEWER. A sewer whose primary purpose is to transport wastewater

from collection sewers to a treatment facility.

(3) PRIVATE SEWER. A sewer which is not owned and maintained by a public authority.

(4) PUBLIC SEWER. A sewer owned, maintained and controlled by a public authority.

(5) SANITARY SEWER. A sewer intended to carry only liquid and water-carried wastes

from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants and institutions together with minor

quantities of ground, storm and surface waters which are not admitted intentionally.

(6) STORM SEWER or STORM DRAIN. A drain or sewer intended to carry storm

waters, surface runoff, ground water, subsurface water, street wash water, drainage and unpolluted

water from any source.

SHALL. The term is mandatory.

STATE DISPOSAL SYSTEM (SDS) PERMIT. Any permit (including any terms, conditions

and requirements thereof) issued by the MPCA pursuant to M.S. § 115.07, as it may be amended

from time to time for a disposal system as defined by M.S. § 115.01(8), as it may be amended from

time to time.


matter that either floats on the surface of, or is in suspension in water, wastewater or other


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liquids, and is removable by laboratory filtering as prescribed in Standard Methods for the

Examination of Water and Wastewater, latest edition, and referred to as non-filterable residue.

TOXIC POLLUTANT. The concentration of any pollutant or combination of pollutants which

upon exposure to or assimilation into any organism will cause adverse affects as defined in

standards issued pursuant to Section 307(a) of the Act (33 USC 13 17(a)).

UNPOLLUTED WATER. Water of quality equal to or better than the effluent criteria in effect,

or water that would not cause violation of receiving water quality standards, and would not be

benefitted by discharge to the sanitary sewers and wastewater treatment facilities.

USER. Any person who discharges or causes or permits the discharge of wastewater into the

city*s wastewater disposal system.

UTILITIES SUPERINTENDENT. The person appointed by the City Council to supervise the

sewer and water systems of the city.

WASTE WATER. The spent water of a community and referred to as sewage. From the

standpoint of source, it may be a combination of the liquid and water-carried wastes from

residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants and institutions together with any ground water,

surface water and storm water that may be present.


devices, facilities, structures, equipment or processes owned or used by the city for the purpose of

the transmission, storage, treatment, recycling and reclamation of municipal sewage, domestic

sewage or industrial wastewater, or structures necessary to recycle or reuse water including

interceptor sewers, outfall sewers, collection sewers, pumping, power and other equipment and

their appurtenances; extensions, improvements, remodeling, additions and alterations thereof;

elements essential to provide a reliable recycled water supply such as standby treatment units and

clear well facilities; and any works including land which is an integral part of the treatment

process or is used for ultimate disposal of residues resulting from that treatment.

WPCF. The Water Pollution Control Federation.


The Utilities Superintendent, or other official designated by the City Council shall have control

and general supervision of all public sewers arid service connections in the city, and shall be

responsible for administering the provisions of this chapter to the end that a proper and efficient

public sewer is maintained.


Building sewer construction shall meet the pertinent requirements of the Minnesota State

Building Code, which is those chapters of Mi Rules referenced in Mm. Rules part 1300.2400,

subpart 6, as they may be amended from time to time, arid the Minnesota Plumbing Code, Mm.


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Rules Ch. 4715, as it may be amended from time to time. The applicant shall notify the City Clerk

when the building sewer and connection is ready for inspection. The connection shall be made

under the supervision of the Building Official or the Building Official*s representative, if the city

has adopted the State Building Code. If the city has not adopted the State Building Code, the

Utilities Superintendent shall perform the inspection. If the city does not have a Utilities

Superintendent, an installer licensed under § 51.064 shall certify that the building sewer and

connection comply with the State Building Code. No backfill shall be placed until the work has

been inspected and approved, or until the certification has been received. Penalty, see § 51.999


No person shall maliciously, willfully, or negligently break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface

or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is part of the wastewater facilities.

Any person violating this provision shall be subject to immediate arrest under the charge of a

misdemeanor. Penalty, see § 51.999


In addition to any penalties that may be imposed for violation of any provision of this chapter,

the city may assess against any person the cost of repairing or restoring sewers or associated

facilities damaged as a result of the discharge of prohibited wastes by that person, and may collect

the assessment as an additional charge for the use of the public sewer system or in any other

manner deemed appropriate by the city.



It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit or permit to be deposited in any unsanitary

manner on public or private property within the city, or in any area under the city*s jurisdiction,

any human or animal excrement, garbage or objectionable waste.

Penalty, see § 51.999


It shall be unlawful to discharge to any natural outlet any wastewater or other polluted waters,

except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of

this chapter and the city*s NPDES/SDS permit. Penalty, see § 51.999


Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, it shall be unlawful to construct or maintain any

privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool or other facility intended or used for the disposal of

wastewater. Penalty, see § 51.999


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The owners of all houses, buildings or properties used for human occupancy, employment,

recreation or other purposes from which wastewater is discharged, and which is situated within

the city and adjacent to any street, alley or right-of-way in which there is now located, or may in

the future be located, a public sanitary sewer of the city shall be required at the owner*s expense

to install a suitable service connection to the public sewer in accordance with provisions of this

code within 365 days of the date the public sewer is operational; provided, the public sewer is

within 200 feet of the structure generating the wastewater. All future buildings constructed on

property adjacent to the public sewer shall be required to immediately connect to the public

sewer. If sewer connections are not made pursuant to this section, an official ten-day notice shall

be served instructing the affected property owner to make the connection. Penalty, see § 51.999


In the event an owner shall fail to connect to a public sewer in compliance with a notice given

under § 51.018, the city shall undertake to have the connection made and shall assess the cost

thereof against the benefitted property. The assessment, when levied, shall bear interest at the rate

determined by the City Council and shall be certified to the County Auditor and shall be collected

and remitted to the city in the same manner as assessments for local improvements. The rights of

the city shall be in addition to any remedial or enforcement provisions of this chapter.

Penalty, see § 51.999



Where a public sewer is not available under the provisions of § 51.018, the building sewer

shall be connected to a private wastewater disposal system complying with the provisions of this

subchapter and Minn. Rules Ch. 7080, Individual Sewage Treatment Systems Program, as they may

be amended from time to time. Penalty, see § 51.999

§ 51.036 PERMITS.

(A) Required. Prior to commencement of construction of a private wastewater disposal

system, the owner shall first obtain a written permit signed by the city. The application for the

permit shall be made on a form furnished by the city, which the applicant shall supplement by any

plans, specifications and other information as are deemed necessary to the city.

(B) Inspections. A permit for a private wastewater disposal system shall not become effective

until the installation is completed to the satisfaction of the city or its authorized representative. The

city or its representative shall be allowed to inspect the work at any stage of construction, and in

any event, the applicant for the permit shall notify the city when work is ready for final inspection,

and before any underground portions are covered. The inspection shall be made within 24 hours of

the receipt of notice. Penalty, see § 51.999


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The type, capacities, location, and layout of a private wastewater disposal system shall

comply with all requirements of Minn. Rules Ch. 7080, Individual Sewage Treatment Systems

Program, as they may be amended from time to time. No septic tank or cesspool shall be permitted

to discharge to any natural outlet. Penalty, see § 51.999


At the time as a public sewer becomes available to a property serviced by a private

wastewater disposal system, a direct connection shall be made to the public sewer within 365

days in compliance with this chapter, and within 365 days any septic tanks, cesspools and similar

private wastewater disposal systems shall be cleaned of sludge. The bottom shall be broken to

permit drainage, and the tank or pit filled with suitable material. Penalty, see § 51.999.


The owner shall operate and maintain the private wastewater disposal facilities in a sanitary

manner at all times at no expense to the city.


No statement contained in this subchapter shall be construed to interfere with any additional

requirements that may be imposed by the MPCA or the Minnesota Department of Health.



Any new connections to the sanitary sewer system shall be prohibited unless sufficient

capacity is available in all downstream facilities, including but riot limited to capacity for flow,

BOD5 and suspended solids, as determined by the Utilities Superintendent. Penalty, see §51.999


(A) Required. No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening

into, use, alter or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a written

permit from the city.

(B) Applications. Applications for permits shall be made by the owner or authorized agent and

the party employed to do the work, and shall state the location, name of owner, street number of the

building to be connected and how occupied. No person shall extend any private building drain

beyond the limits of the building or property for which the service connection permit has been



Lake Lillian Ordinance Code - Public Works


(C) Classes. There shall be two classes of building sewer permits: one for residential and

commercial service, and one for service to establishments producing industrial wastes. In either

case, the application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications or any other information

considered pertinent in the judgement of the city. The industry, as a condition of permit

authorization, must provide information describing its wastewater constituents, characteristics and

type of activity.

(D) Inspection and connection. The applicant for the building sewer permit shall notify the

city when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer. The

connection and inspection shall be made under the supervision of the Utilities Superintendent or

authorized representative thereof. Penalty, see § 51.999


All costs and expenses incidental to the installation and connection of the building sewer shall

be borne by the owner. The owner shall indemnify the city from any loss or damage that may be

directly or indirectly occasioned by the installation of the building sewer. Penalty, see § 51.999.


A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building, except where

one building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no private sewer is available or can

be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining alley, court, yard or driveway. The

building sewer from the front building may be extended to the rear building and the whole

considered one building sewer. The city does not and will not assume any obligation or

responsibility for damage caused by or resulting from any connection. Penalty, see § 51.999


Old building sewers may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found,

on examination and test by the Utilities Superintendent or his or her representative, to meet all

requirements of this chapter.



(A) The size, slopes, alignment, materials of construction of building sewers and the methods

to be used in excavating, placing of the pipe, jointing, testing, and backfilling of the trench, shall

all conform to the requirements of the State Building and Plumbing Code or other applicable rules

and regulations of the city.

(B) The connection of the building sewer into the public sewer shall conform to the

requirements of the State Building and Plumbing Code or other applicable rules and regulations of

the city. All connections shall be made gastight and watertight, and verified by proper testing


Lake Lillian Ordinance Code - Public Works


to prevent the inclusion of infiltration/inflow. Any deviation from the prescribed procedures and

materials must be approved by the city prior to installation. Penalty, see § 51.999


Whenever possible, the building sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation below

the basement floor. In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to

the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by the building drain shall be lifted by an approved

means and discharged to the building sewer. Penalty, see § 51.999


No person shall make connection of roof downspouts, sump pumps, foundation drains, areaway

drains or other sources of surface runoff or groundwater to a building sewer or drain which is

directly or indirectly connected to the wastewater disposal system. Penalty, see § 51.999


All excavations for building sewer installation shall be adequately guarded with barricades

and lights so as to protect the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways and other public

property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the city.

Penalty, see § 51.999

§ 51.064 LICENSES.

(A) Required. No person shall make a service connection with any public sewer unless

regularly licensed under this chapter to perform the work, and no permit shall be granted to any

person except a regularly licensed person.

(B) Application. Any person desiring a license to make a service connection with public

sewers shall apply in writing to the City Council with satisfactory evidence that the applicant or

employer is trained or skilled in the business and qualified to receive a license. All applications

shall be referred to the Utilities Superintendent for recommendations to the Council. If approved

by the Council, the license shall be issued by the City Clerk upon the filing of a bond as hereinafter


(C) Issuance. No license shall be issued to any person until a policy of insurance to the city,

approved by the Council, is filed with the City Clerk conditioned that the licensee will indemnify

and save harmless the city from all suits, accidents and damage that may arise by reason of any

opening in any street, alley or public ground made by the licensee or by those in the licensee*s

employment for any purpose whatever, and that the licensee will replace and restore the street and

alley over that opening to the condition existing prior to installation, adequately guard with

barricades and lights, and will keep and maintain the same to the satisfaction of the Utilities

Superintendent, and shall conform in all respects to any rules and regulations of the Council

relative thereto, and pay all fines that may be imposed on the licensee by law.



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(D) Fee. The license fee for making service connections shall be as established by the

Ordinance Establishing Fees and Charges adopted pursuant to § 30.11 of this Code, as that

ordinance may be amended from time to time. All licenses shall expire on December 31 of the

license year unless the license is suspended or revoked by the Council for cause.

(E) Suspension or revocation. The Council may suspend or revoke any license issued under

this subchapter for any of the following causes:

(1) Giving false information in connection with the application for a license.

(2) Incompetence of the licensee.

(3) Willful violation of any provisions of this chapter or any rule or regulation pertaining

to the making of service connections. Penalty, see § 51.999


Official Website of Lake Lillian, Minnesota